Tag Archives: who

Did or Did you not

had a vertigo sense of spiraling down and shrinking into your bed, as the room  expands outwards in all directions, leaving you feel ever smaller and insignificant, frightened and anxious about… well… everything.

this is called the ever-shrinking-room experience

have it in mind you arch-minionz rendering all around your next project/


The “Magic” of Lithium \\

Hardcore archive play for now — back to ’03 thinkin’ with no sense of dignity,

“Lithium … is the lightest of the solid elements, and it is

perhaps not surprising that it should in consequence possess

certain modest magical qualities.” —G. P. Hartigan, psychiatrist


Lithium is used routinely to even out the extreme mood swings of patients with manic-depressive illness, or bipolar disorder. Increasingly, however, it is also offered to people with depression. But a growing body of evidence indicates that this compound can literally keep people who are at risk of suicide alive. In 1998 lithium pioneer Mogens Schou of the Psychiatric Hospital in Risskov, Denmark, pulled together the results of various studies of lithium as a suicide preventive and observed  that people not taking the drug were three to 17 times as likely to end their own lives as depressed people who took the medication. Likewise, Schou determined that lithium reduced suicide attempts by a factor of between six and 15.

It can cause hand tremors, constant thirst, frequent urination, weight gain, lethargy, reduced muscle coordination, blurred thinking and short-term memory deficits. People on it must also have its concentration in their blood assessed regularly to ensure that it is within the therapeutic range: the drug is usually ineffective below 0.6 millimole per liter of blood serum and can cause life threatening toxic reactions if the level becomes higher than two millimoles per liter.

How does it exert its salutary effects? Despite a number of tantalizing leads, researchers are still not certain. “It’s hard to say at this time,” says Ghanshyam N. Pandey of the University of Illinois. “There are so many modes of action.” Lithium is thought to affect tiny ports called ion channels on the surfaces of nerve cells, or neurons. As they open and close, ion channels admit or bar charged atoms that determine the electrical potential within the cells, thereby dictating their activity and ability to communicate with other neurons. Scientists posit that the drug stabilizes the excitability of the neurons by influencing  the ion channels or by skewing the chain reaction of biochemical events that occur within an excited cell.


A drug only works, though, if someone takes it properly. In the May 2002 issue of the Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, Jan Scott and Marie Pope of the University of Glasgow reported that half of a group of 98 patients who were taking a moodstabilizing drug such as lithium failed to stick with their drug regimen. Yet, the researchers noted, just 1 percent of scientific publications on the subject of mood stabilizers looked at why patients did not take their lithium as prescribed. J. John Mann of the New York State Psychiatric Institute says that a major factor in noncompliance is the human desire not to want to think of oneself as ill. “There’s a natural reluctance to take any medicine long-term,” Mann explains. “When a person is depressed, they have a problem imagining ever getting better. When they’re well, they can’t imagine getting sick again.”

The side effects of lithium also play a role. Kay Redfield Jamison, a psychiatrist at Johns Hopkins University who studies manic-depression and suicide—and who is a manicdepressive herself—has found that the most common reasons patients stop taking the drug are cognitive side effects, weight gain and impaired coordination. In her moving memoir, An Unquiet Mind, she recounts her own struggle to come to terms with the fact that she will probably be coping with lithium’s side effects for the rest of her life.

Copyright © 2003 by Scientific American,

part of –” Why? The Neuroscience of Suicide”  by Carol Ezzell  —

FG and go with it

Comic Illustration // Keita Sagaki

yo..new artist discovery

FG on the go


Keita Sagaki, todays artist, has a unique point of view for his drawings , no judgements made (even if we should), having in mind that the detailing of his work is exceptional. Short personal statement from his point of view [make your own adjustments]:

All things are composed of whole and part. Let’s broaden your horizons. the concept of “ whole and part” is not fixed. it’s in flux. If we interpret from a different viewpoint, the wholeness which we defined is converted into the partialness. Domain in the relations of both, it never ends. The concept of my creation is the relations of borderless “whole and part”. As I draw a picture in this concept, I want to express conflict and undulation from relations of “whole and part”, cannot be measured in addition and subtraction (The whole in the grand total of the part. and the Part by the whole division) 

The 36 views of Mountain Fuji

Night Snow at Kambara

Would you mind receiving a flower

Further on, the gallery that follows includes some selected works of the designer with their detailed views

[ 100% worth-watching]

Spot ya later..


After 34 years – First nuclear reactor approved to be built in the U.S.

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Southern Company takes the job! Units 3 and 4 were approved from the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission and two brand new nuclear reactors have been planned for 2017 completion. Those reactors are going to be built next to 2 others that already exist from the 70’s at Georgia’s Plant Vogtle.

The approval has been dubbed “the strongest signal yet” that the thirty-year hiatus on nuclear plant construction may finally be coming to an end. Could this be the beginning of a renaissance in nuclear energy production?

Constructor ‘spectrum

Southern Co. will build the reactors at its Vogtle site in Georgia, where two older reactors already operate. Scott Peterson, vice president of the industry’s Nuclear Energy Institute, says it’s not a “nuclear renaissance,” but instead a “first wave” for new reactors.

“It’s obviously a critical event for the industry in terms of moving forward with the next generation of reactor technology,” he says.


The new reactors would be the first of a standardized design: instead of each one being unique, they’ll all be nearly identical.

The new reactor designs are the first to incorporate passive safety features (i.e. features that require little-to-no human intervention, and do not depend on electricity to operate). Many of these features have been implemented in direct response to “lessons learned” from Fukushima, like water that is automatically released to cool the reactor core in the event of a meltdown.

Southern Company’s Presentation on Plant Vogtle 2017

Southern Company currently is exploring various opportunities to build new nuclear-powered electric generating plants to serve our customers’ energy needs for the future. Southern Company’s actions are part of our long-range generation-planning process that seeks to identify the most cost-effective, reliable and environmentally responsible fuel sources to meet growing electricity demand in the areas we serve. Nuclear power is a proven technology that is a viable generating source

Increased demand for energy is driving the need for new baseload capacity. The population of the southeastern United States continues to expand rapidly, and according to the U.S. Department of Energy, 40 percent of the U.S. population will live in the Southeast by 2030. The state of Georgia alone is expected to grow by 4 million people by 2030. During the next 15 years, electrical demand on the Georgia Power system is projected to grow 30 percent. As energy needs grow in the Southeast, Southern Company intends to be on the forefront of exploring nuclear energy as an option for meeting rising electricity demand. The process to build two new reactors at Plant Vogtle is well underway,
with plans to begin commercial operation of Unit 3 in 2016 and Unit 4 in 2017.Nuclear power is a safe, reliable, cost-effective power source that has a low impact on the environment. It is a prudent business decision to use nuclear energy as a means to meet our customers’ needs generating source.


    hope someone at the end is Satisfied as much as a Satisfied Frog

Further Knowledge\Sources:

Plant Vogtle, Southern Nuclear(+)

npr News(+)

Freestyle Illustration // Beaucoupzero

captions by the freelance illustrator.(Interview+)

Via Beaucoupzero – Matei Apostolescu (+)

Xmas Cards from FG #1 // to 3XN


14 days left until 2012

Until then the FG.Team will be sending out NewYear’s wishes to 14 architects currently on our radar

#1 is dedicated to the Danish Mafia a.k.a 3XN


keep it up guys!


Heroes no more

holla bots,

Christopher Carlson in his Wolfram Blog (+) provides an uber cool mathematical run-through of your favooorite projects. hah

“It started with an innocent experiment in lofting, a technique also known as “skinning” that originated in boat-building. I wanted to explore some three-dimensional forms, and a basic lofting function seemed like a quick ticket to results. I dashed off the functionLoft, which takes a stack of three-dimensional contours and covers it with a skin of polygons.”

"Loft uses Mathematica’s GraphicsComplex primitive to factor out the geometries of the polygons from their topologies. The contour point coordinates are collected in the first argument. The second argument is a list of Polygons whose coordinate values are replaced by integer indices into the coordinate list. My Loft function was straightforward to write, but required a little fancy footwork with indexing to get the polygons wired onto the points in the right way.”


“Even this trivial parameterization of a scaled and twisted half-sphere yields an amazing variety of  forms, each of which suggests interesting avenues to explore.”

The last of those forms brought to mind Norman Foster’s Swiss Re building in London, nicknamed by the locals “the Gherkin.”

“I wondered how convincingly I could model the Gherkin in Mathematica. It was immediately obvious that my simple Loft function was not up to the task of replicating the white diagrid framing structure employed in the Gherkin, so I set out first to generalize Loft. One thing lead to another, and soon I had the much larger but much more flexible function Build, with which I could explore not only Foster’s Gherkin but a large number of other architectural forms based on the simple idea of hanging panes, panels, mullions, and framing members on grids of points.

My Build function works like Loft, but gives me much more flexibility in specifying elements like tubes and polygons and how they are repeated on the contour grid. LikeLoftBuild’s first argument is a set of contours. The second argument is aGraphics3D-style primitive list whose primitives contain an extra argument that specifies how they should be repeated on the contour grid.

If you imagine the contours numbered from bottom to top and the points in the contours numbered from left to right, {point, contour} indices correspond to coordinates in an integer coordinate system. The primitive
Polygon[{{0,0},{1,2},{1,0}}] appears on a contour grid like this.”


“In linear primitives like Line and Tube, the repetition argument specifies the frequency with which the primitive is repeated horizontally, or for horizontal primitives, vertically. By combining repetitions of polygons, tubes, and lines, Build gives me great flexibility in describing assemblages of panes and structural members. Here’s an abstract structure I generated to exercise all of Build’s primitives.”

As a final step, I refined the contour points at the top to add the dome-like cap at the top of the Gherkin.

I won’t deny that from there it required a surprising amount of detailed work usingBuild to make a finished model. The Gherkin’s body, its cap, the topmost dome, the rings, and the boundaries of and transitions between the separate parts all required individual attention. To select material properties and lighting, I set up Manipulaterigs and exercised the sliders until I found the right values. Here is the result.

Post-processing via replacement rules can operate on the geometry of an object as well as its appearance attributes. Because all of the coordinate data of my model resides in the first argument of GraphicsComplex, coordinate transformations are particularly easy. And since all of the graphics primitives are all wired to the same coordinates, the primitives automatically move in concert and remain connected when the coordinates are transformed.

Using that technique, I wrote this Manipulate to explore variations in the radial geometry of the Gherkin.