Monthly Archives: October 2013

Surprising photo manipulations by Manuel Rodriguez

Little explorer, Pequeno explorador

Little explorer, Pequeno explorador

a graphic designer from Mallorca with a passion for photography, also well known as manurs,


About these ads

Huge tunnels \\ Laerdal, Norway

Laerdal Tunnel - Norway

known as the longest road tunnel ever constructed (24,5 km) , Laerdal Tunnel connects the two biggest cities in Norway, Oslo and Bergen

Design strategies of the project in order to succeed

Laerdal Tunnel - Norway 1

SINTEF was asked to help design the longest tunnel in the world in western Norway . Experiments were undertaken to evaluate four tunnel models. Results showed that lighting strategies using blue, yellow, and green lights increased driver safety and comfort. A major challenge in constructing long tunnels is reducing driver anxiety, because many drivers feel uncomfortable in this environment. Changes in lighting every 2 km reduced driver anxiety. Including some large openings inside the tunnel also reduced driver anxiety and was useful for emergency operations.

The construction was approved to traverse a section of country with relatively poor levels of reliability in road transport due to the mountainous area and narrow roads combined with many fjord crossings.

The Laerdal tunnel is an important part of the extension of a ferry-free, reliable road link between the two largest cities in Norway. The decision to build a tunnel rather than refurbish existing roads was taken to avoid difficult terrain with high risks of rock falls. From an environmental perspective, the tunnel was seen as a justifiable investment to avoid destroying sections of the unspoiled natural landscape

Some plans before the construction

Laerdal Tunnel - Norway 3

four tunnel models

four tunnel models

These design strategies have proved to be successful with high ratings of driver comfort in the tunnel and no crashes. In addition, the Laerdal project has won two European lighting awards.

[360 view]



Hacks \ Bend down the corner

This gallery contains 24 photos.

The Believing Neuron pt. 5/17 | Theory: How to see the 3D way


“Consciousness is a transparent brain representation of the world from a privileged egocentric perspective.”Dr Arnold Trehub

a Theoretical Model of how we visualise 3D space

a Theoretical Model of how we visualise 3D space

Figure 1.  A. Non-conscious creatures. E1 and E2 are discrete events in the physical world. R1 and R2 are sensory transducers in the body that selectively respond to E1 and E2. R1 and R2 signal their response to unconscious processing mechanisms within the brain. These mechanisms then trigger adaptive actions. B. Conscious creatures. In addition to the mechanisms described in A, the brain of a conscious creature has a retinoid system that provides a holistic volumetric representation of a spatial surround from the privileged egocentric perspective of the self-locus — the core self (I!). For example, in this case, there is a perspectival representation of E1 and E2 (shown as E1′ and E2′) within the creature’s phenomenal world. Neuronal activity in retinoid space is the entire current content of conscious experience.



Retinoid ''self'' System -

Retinoid ”self” System -

Figure 2. - The self system (Trehub 2007). Neurons at the self-locus anchor the I-token (I!) to the retinoid origin of egocentric space. I! has reciprocal synaptic links to sensory and cognitive processes. Damage to the neuronal mechanisms below the dotted line results in cognitive impairment. Interruption of the synaptic link between the neurons at the origin of retinoid space (the self locus) and I! results in loss of consciousness.

Continue reading

John S Holler’s 1880

John S Holler the King

”Behold the Mother of All Swiss Army Knives, a multi-tool created by John S. Holler in Germany around 1880. The knife actually predates the Swiss Army Knife, which started production about a decade later in 1890.

The knife has 100 functions, including every types of blades imaginable. It has a serrated blade, dagger blades, shears and scissors, an auger, a corkscrew, saws, a lancet, button hook, cigar cutter, pens and pencils, mirror, and straight razor. You can even use this tool to tune a piano, as it has a piano tuner built in. Hungry? It’s got a butter knife so you can butter your toast.

But that’s not all: This is a knife you can actually bring to a gunfight. It has a fully functioning .22 caliber five-shot pinfire revolver. And as if that ain’t enough, the tortoise shell handle covers of the knife open up to hold picks, tools, and even mini folding knives.

John S Holler the King 1

A fully functioning .22 caliber five-shot pinfire revolver … and a butter knife!

John S Holler the King 2 John S Holler the King 3 John S Holler the King 4

Notable blades: Straight razor and tuning fork. John S Holler the King 5 John S Holler the King 6

The flip side of the knife opens up to reveal … a small crucifix knife, perfect for killing vampires!

Sadly, it does not have a bottle opener. That’s because the bottle cap wasn’t invented until 1892.”


Tricky Paths \\ Trazisius Koch

Tricky Paths 1


not much to say ..lose yourself to those tricky paths.. click around to play…probably from a the everyday life of our featured artist ”Trazisius Koch”





      |.FG LEGION.|